This poem was written as kind of commentary on a painting of a female vampire by Philip Burne-Jones exhibited in the same year. Lyrics from Kipling's poem: A fool there was An authentic supernatural vampire features in the landmark Nosferatu Germany, directed by F. Murnau starring Max Schreck as the hideous Count Orlok.
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This was an unlicensed version of Bram Stoker 's Dracula , based so closely on the novel that the estate sued and won, with all copies ordered to be destroyed. It would be painstakingly restored in by a team of European scholars from the five surviving prints that had escaped destruction.
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The destruction of the vampire, in the closing sequence of the film, by sunlight rather than the traditional stake through the heart proved very influential on later films and became an accepted part of vampire lore. The next classic treatment of the vampire legend was an adaptation of the stage play based on Bram Stoker 's novel Dracula , Universal 's Dracula starring Bela Lugosi as Count Dracula. Lugosi's performance was so popular that his Hungarian accent and sweeping gestures became characteristics now commonly associated with Dracula.
Despite his apparent death in the film, the Count returned to life in three more Universal films of the mids: House of Frankenstein and House of Dracula —both starring John Carradine —and Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein While Lugosi had played a vampire in two other films during the s and s, it was only in this final film that he played Count Dracula on-screen for the second and last time.
Dracula was reincarnated for a new generation in the Hammer Films series starring Christopher Lee as the Count. In the first of these films Dracula the spectacular death of the title character through being exposed to the sun reinforced this part of vampire lore, first established in Nosferatu , and made it virtually axiomatic in succeeding films.
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A distinct subgenre of vampire films, ultimately inspired by Le Fanu's "Carmilla", explored the topic of the lesbian vampire. More explicit lesbian content was provided in Hammer 's Karnstein Trilogy. The first of these, The Vampire Lovers , starring Ingrid Pitt and Madeline Smith , was a relatively straightforward re-telling of LeFanu's novella, but with more overt violence and sexuality.
Later films in this subgenre such as Vampyres became even more explicit in their depiction of sex, nudity and violence. Beginning with Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein the vampire has often been the subject of comedy. Another development in some vampire films has been a change from supernatural horror to science fictional explanations of vampirism.
They explain the condition as having a natural cause. Vampirism is explained as a kind of virus in David Cronenberg 's Rabid and Red-Blooded American Girl directed by David Blyth, as well as in the Blade trilogy to a limited extent. Race has been another theme, as exemplified by the blaxploitation picture Blacula and its sequel Scream Blacula Scream. Christopher Lee , Delphine Seyrig , Frank Langella and Lauren Hutton are just a few examples of actors who brought great sex appeal into their portrayal of the vampire.
Latterly, the implicit sexual themes of vampire film have become much more overt, culminating in such films as Gayracula and The Vampire of Budapest , two pornographic all-male vampire films, and Lust for Dracula , a softcore pornography all-lesbian adaptation of Bram Stoker's novel. There is, however, a very small subgenre, pioneered in Murnau's seminal Nosferatu in which the portrayal of the vampire is similar to the hideous creature of European folklore.
In Shadow of the Vampire directed by E. Stephen King 's Salem's Lot notably depicts vampires as terrifying, simple-minded creatures, without eroticism, and with the only desire to feed on the blood of others. The main vampire in the Subspecies films, Radu, also exhibits similar aesthetic influences, such as long fingers and nails and generally grotesque facial features. This type of vampire is also featured in the film 30 Days of Night. A major character in most vampire films is the vampire hunter , of which Stoker's Abraham Van Helsing is a prototype. However, killing vampires has changed.
By far, the most well-known and popular vampire in the films is Count Dracula. A large number of films have been filmed over the years depicting the evil Count, some of which are ranked among the greatest depictions of vampires on film.
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Dracula has over film representations to date, making him the most frequently portrayed character in horror films; also he has the highest number of film appearances overall, surpassed only by Sherlock Holmes. One of the first television series with a vampire as a main character was the comedy series The Munsters. The Munsters was followed in by the Gothic soap opera Dark Shadows , in which the vampire Barnabas Collins became a main character.
In The Little Vampire was a television series made for children. Forever Knight — was the first vampire detective story, later followed by many similar series like Angel , Moonlight , Blood Ties and Vampire Prosecutor. In the teenage vampire series Buffy the Vampire Slayer became popular around the world. Buffy is a teenage girl who finds out that she is a vampire slayer.
She also finds herself drawn to a vampire. Joshi and Stefan Dziemianowicz, editors. Mad, Bad and Dangerous? Peter Straub accepted on his behalf. Martin's Press Lucius Shepard.
SciFiction Scifi. Jack Cady was recognized with a posthumous Special Award. Delaney St. Joshi and David E. Schultz and Scott Connors Arkham House. Bryant added this tribute to Grant's honor. Norton, UK: Jonathan Cape. Winter HarperCollins. The Design Image Group sponsored the awards this year.
Nolan , was also presented his award. Kiernan Roc. Schow Gothic. Net V.